For this Homestead Railway Clock,The timber is River Redgum, including the burl veneer behind the pendulum. The joinery is mortise and tenon with through tenons wedged with contrasting Lighter timber. If you look closely at the bottom left of the clock frame You just get a glimpse of this. It is finished with an oil-based Poly, and buffed with wax. The clock was Done on the lathe and finished with Shellac.