hand made plane

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Project by alain posted 09-08-2008 11:38 PM 5709 views 8 times favorited 21 comments Add to Favorites Watch

two hand planes wich work very well, i did the iron too, i use a piece of SAE 5160 with 1/4 thickness
and hardened in salt. great result. work smoothly with hard wood, very hard wood, soft wood, ... I’am really satisfied with this work
I use 4 types of wood the sole is in paraju very hard and heavy, the body in frejo, the hand grip in gonçalo alves the wedje in red cedar to not damage the frejo.
the tuning is really simple and precise


21 comments so far

View SteveKorz's profile


2140 posts in 5211 days

#1 posted 09-08-2008 11:43 PM

Wow, those look great! Fantastic work…

-- As iron sharpens iron, so one man sharpens another. (Proverbs 27:17) †

View PaBull's profile


970 posts in 5162 days

#2 posted 09-09-2008 01:06 AM

Very impressive. what a craftsman!

-- rhykenologist and plant grower

View kewald's profile


127 posts in 5078 days

#3 posted 09-09-2008 01:36 AM

I love the design aspect of not using cross dowels against the wedge. I’ll bet there was lots of chiseling done.

-- Always do the Right Thing the Right Way the First Time - if you can figure out what that is! Ken, Spring Branch, TX

View alain's profile


73 posts in 5045 days

#4 posted 09-09-2008 01:36 AM

thank you very much


View alain's profile


73 posts in 5045 days

#5 posted 09-09-2008 02:01 AM

hi Kenwald, first thank you , and your plane look very good, seem to have a good finish level.
to do this jack plane i saw a piece of frejo by the middle, with an extra thin saw, and then with my dove tail saw open the mouth, chisel was used to finish the mounth after gluing, and to ajust the mouth in the sole.
at least i insert a piece tocalibrate the opening in front of the iron to break the shaving, that’s all. Ah !, i don’t varnish just wax (beewax 100% pure without parafine, may be a lot of carnauba), I love to touch wood


View TomFran's profile


2964 posts in 5491 days

#6 posted 09-09-2008 02:35 AM

Very nice planes, Alain – and they work well! You can’t beat that.

-- Tom, Surfside Beach, SC - Romans 8:28

View lew's profile


13547 posts in 5252 days

#7 posted 09-09-2008 03:01 AM

Beautiful Work! I imagine they are a pleasure to use.

I have heard of tempering metal in oil or water but never in salt. Is there an advantage to using salt?


-- Lew- Time traveler. Purveyor of the Universe's finest custom rolling pins.

View alain's profile


73 posts in 5045 days

#8 posted 09-09-2008 11:48 AM

thank you Tom And Lew yes they work very well, for the salt you loose less carbon and it smoother than water, and more precise than oil, you use oil for hardening, and then you need to temper, the way to get the good and wished hardness, i get the salt in a professional tempering firm (friendly) i don’t know exactly the composition. only oil will give you a realy hard steel , thats make the bevel fragil like “cristal” and let the cut angle with micro cracks wich spoil the cut and difficult the finih of grinding (disculp my english)


View Bob #2's profile

Bob #2

3810 posts in 5518 days

#9 posted 09-09-2008 03:08 PM

Alain, do you have to heat up the salt to temper the metal?
I have been heating the oil to about 300 °C and then putting the metall in for a slower cooling down .


-- A mind, like a home, is furnished by its owner

View alain's profile


73 posts in 5045 days

#10 posted 09-09-2008 05:20 PM

yes Bob, i have to heat the salt you can over-heat the salt , i really look for low hardness, very regular, homogeneous
heating oil we reach very good result (excellent), the salt cool down slowlyyyyyyyyyyy ! I like,
but some time use oil or water depending of steel


View Hersh's profile


106 posts in 5212 days

#11 posted 09-09-2008 06:29 PM

Wow Alain, nice work. Someday I’ll try to build a plane. Keep up the good work.

-- Hersh from Port Angeles, WA - Gotta Complete That Project!

View jeanmarc's profile


1899 posts in 5213 days

#12 posted 09-09-2008 09:20 PM

sympa les rabots

-- jeanmarc manosque france

View alain's profile


73 posts in 5045 days

#13 posted 09-09-2008 09:51 PM

merci Jean-Marc, le plus sympa c’est le premier coup de rabot meme si il faut regler apres , la premiere c’est toujours mieux !?


View Tony Ennis's profile

Tony Ennis

140 posts in 4633 days

#14 posted 11-26-2009 05:56 AM

Did you make them in one piece, or is the body made in multiple pieces?

-- Tony

View alain's profile


73 posts in 5045 days

#15 posted 11-26-2009 01:21 PM

Tony, the jack is made with 3 pieces, 2 pieces for the body and a base(sole) made with a hard wood (paraju), the smaller one is only made of 2 pieces, i use a large piece of wood , cut in 2 , carve and stick, work well. really simple


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