Plough plane and blades

  • Advertise with us
Project by Ben posted 02-21-2013 07:14 PM 6078 views 9 times favorited 15 comments Add to Favorites Watch

In my quest to be completely flesh powered, I needed a plough plane to cut grooves. The plane and the blades were all made in house. The plane is made out of oak, and the blades were cut from a 3/16ths inch bar of O1 and then heat treated in my forge.

As always, any questions or comments are always welcome.

-- Do something nice for somebody

15 comments so far

View Mosquito's profile


9816 posts in 2769 days

#1 posted 02-21-2013 07:15 PM

Very cool. I really like it.

-- Mos - Twin Cities, MN - -

View Kreegan's profile


1452 posts in 2623 days

#2 posted 02-21-2013 07:22 PM

Very good job. I’ve been thinking about doing this exact thing. I don’t have a forge, so I was just going to buy the blades from Lee Valley.

View Oldtool's profile


2786 posts in 2667 days

#3 posted 02-21-2013 11:46 PM

Super nice build. Home made tools are the best. Great job on the details, looks professional. Have fun using it.

-- "I am a firm believer in the people. If given the truth, they can be depended upon to meet any national crisis. The point is to bring them the real facts." - Abraham Lincoln

View Ben's profile


273 posts in 4190 days

#4 posted 02-22-2013 12:08 AM

Thanks for the comments. It is a lot of fun to use.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View ksSlim's profile


1302 posts in 3366 days

#5 posted 02-22-2013 05:31 AM

Nice job on the plane body.

Did you hammer the blade, or just heat treat in the forge?

-- Sawdust and shavings are therapeutic

View Ben's profile


273 posts in 4190 days

#6 posted 02-22-2013 05:44 AM

The blades were just cut from the bar stock. I didn’t have quite enough confidence in my forging capabilities at the time to try and hammer them out. If I make another one in the future it’s certainly something I will attempt. My next forging project will be a holdfast and then possibly a draw knife and scorp to do some chair making.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View Rob Drown's profile

Rob Drown

808 posts in 4309 days

#7 posted 02-22-2013 06:12 AM

So incredable cool! How long did it take you to make it? Is it your design? How does it work?

-- The expectations of life depend upon diligence; the mechanic that would perfect his work must first sharpen his tools. Confucius, 经过艰苦的努力的梦想可以成真

View Ben's profile


273 posts in 4190 days

#8 posted 02-22-2013 12:54 PM

The plane probably took me about 25 to 30 hours of work if you include cutting the blades and heat treating them. Ten more if your include the fact that I screwed up making the blades the first time around. I tried to weld small pieces of tool steel tips to mild steel. I got way to much pitting and they were too weak, but I only figured this out after I had spent a decent amount of time filing them. Like I told my wife, nothing lost as long as I learned something in the process.

The design is something of an amalgamation of pictures I found online of other planes, and the size of the pieces of wood I had on hand.

It works OK for my being my first attempt. I had never actually held a plough plane before I made mine so I have nothing to compare it to. However, it gets the job done in what I consider a decent amount of time. That being said, there are a few changes I will make on any future ploughs I might make. The mouth is too large. The shavings have a tendency to curl and clog in the mouth before they exit. Also, most ploughs look to be made from 6/4 stock. Mine is made from 4/4 because that is what I had on hand. So I didn’t add a depth stop for integrity reasons. I might try to add one later after, because it is very difficult to get an even depth with a plane about 8 inches long and no way to make a scribe mark to cut to.

Like I said, being my first attempt with what I guess you could call my design I’m happy with its performance.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View Ben's profile


273 posts in 4190 days

#9 posted 02-22-2013 02:28 PM

Another thing is that the blades aren’t tapered. Many of the plough planes and blades you can find are tapered to get a tighter wedged fit. I was able to file a groove in the blades to seat on the skates. It takes a little finagling, but the blades sit well and tight. Also, the wedged fence rails also take a little finagling to set up, but once they’re set they stay put. I might try a bridle mechanism in the future to make it a little more user friendly. Now that I think about it, maybe even polishing up the mouth could help the shavings eject a little easier. Being a science teacher I don’t mind doing a little experimentation as long as it doesn’t cost me an arm and a leg.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View Chris Wright's profile

Chris Wright

540 posts in 3957 days

#10 posted 02-22-2013 04:16 PM

This is awesome, I really enjoy making my own handplanes and have been looking at making a plough plane as well as a router plane. Very cool and great work.

-- "At its best, life is completely unpredictable." - Christopher Walken

View Ben's profile


273 posts in 4190 days

#11 posted 02-22-2013 04:22 PM

Thanks, i’m glad you like it. As far as a plane I used as a model, I would say I looked at the oldstreettool hand plane quite a bit, and the plane they have for sale at I especially used that site to get some basic measurements since i could scale everything off of their picture with the description they had. Those two planes were my biggest influences.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View Lumberpunk's profile


334 posts in 2813 days

#12 posted 02-22-2013 04:42 PM

very nice!

-- If someone tells you you have enough tools and don't need any more, stop talking to them, you don't need that kind of negativity in your life.

View Sergio's profile


470 posts in 3169 days

#13 posted 02-22-2013 10:00 PM

really good work. I have never used one of those, my question is how do you go to the final depth? you must do it in steps and going down with the blade on each pass, but I can´t figure out how do you do it.

-- - Greetings from Brazil - --

View Don W's profile

Don W

19314 posts in 3044 days

#14 posted 02-22-2013 10:10 PM

that’s a nice simple functional design. I really like it.

-- - Collecting is an investment in the past, and the future.

View BTKS's profile


1989 posts in 3941 days

#15 posted 02-23-2013 10:04 PM

WOW, another mixed media project. Keep em coming, I can’t get enough. I really enjoyed a blacksmithing book I think you’ll like. Toolmaking for Woodworking. I cannot recall the author but it was a good overview and helpful with heat treating tool steel.
Best of luck and great looking plane.

-- "Man's ingenuity has outrun his intelligence" (Joseph Wood Krutch)

Have your say...

You must be signed in to post the comments.

DISCLAIMER: Any posts on LJ are posted by individuals acting in their own right and do not necessarily reflect the views of LJ. LJ will not be held liable for the actions of any user.

Latest Projects | Latest Blog Entries | Latest Forum Topics