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Finishing Info for the Woodworker

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Blog series by pjones46 updated 01-07-2015 04:38 AM 3 parts 6306 reads 4 comments total

Part 1: What are the differences between stains and dyes

01-09-2015 09:41 PM by pjones46 | 2 comments »

What are the differences between stains and dyes? Very simply put: With stains, the pigment tends to remain on the surface of the wood and lodge in the pores, while dyes penetrate deeply and color the wood from within. Dyes Dyes are colorants that are usually mixed in a carrier vehicle (solvents) such as mineral spirits, water or alcohol. The dyes used in woodworking are characterized as transparent, as they bring about color changes in wood without obscuring the figure. The molecula...

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Part 2: Wood Prep Before Finishing

01-20-2015 03:40 AM by pjones46 | 1 comment »

Wood prep before finishing The secret to perfect finish is proper sanding of your project. All surfaces should be clean and free from all dirt and oils. Prep sanding is done with progressively finer grits. On unfinished wood, prepare the surface by using medium grit paper first, and then progress to finer grades. With most raw woods, if you are hand sanding, start sanding in the direction of the grain using a #100-150 grit paper before staining and work up to #220 grit paper. You can make ...

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Part 3: Finishes and their Compatibility

01-07-2015 04:38 AM by pjones46 | 1 comment »

Finishes and their Compatibility Almost any finishing product can be applied over any other as long as the “other finish” is dry and the product you’re brushing doesn’t dissolve and smudge the existing. For example: Let’s for arguments sake you are not using spray equipment and that you have made up and applied a water based PVA blotch controller as describe in my previous article Preventing Blotching Using A Wash Coat 1 to a cherry surface. You then apply a water-soluble dye for col...

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