Hand plane DIY blog #4: Hand plane, scaper planes and toothing plane ramblings...

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Blog entry by mafe posted 06-29-2017 12:08 AM 9295 reads 3 times favorited 18 comments Add to Favorites Watch
« Part 3: Hand plane DIY convex (Krenov style) Part 4 of Hand plane DIY blog series Part 5: Still rambling about hand plane making... »

Hand plane DIY blog
hand plane, scaper planes and toothing plane ramblings…

My last blog on making handplanes was the one about the small planes , those little fellows bring plenty of smiles, both to me and guest in the shop.
This time it was a need for a small scraper plane, the buy of a German toothing plane blade some time back and finally the reason I took off, was a old friend who wrote me, that she and her husband needed a small hand plane, that they can use when making arrows for bow shooting and other nature activities.
Again the blog is a mess or as I call it ramblings, not a step by step how to, yet I hope it can still be able to inspire and or at least bring a smile or a ohhhhh that’s the way he works.

I found it proper to use a antique blade for their plane, since my friend and I know each other from our participation in Nordisk forum for Bygningskalk (Nordic forum for building with limes) , where the focus is to restore and preserve old buildings.
In my drawer I had a wonderful old iron from the French Peugeot freres, laminated steel and these are usually a wonderful quality (time will tell). So even it was not Nordic and she lives in Germany, I found this blade were a good choice.
(Sorry the photo are not too sharp).

For the small scraper plane, I will test a tungsten blade from Record, that already gave life to another plane.
Usually I like the scrapers a wee softer.

The Peugeot can give life to two small planes, so I will make one for me also.
Here I mark where I will cut it.

The same marking on the Record, before it is cut with a Dremmel tool, while cooling so it will not damage the hardening.
(For more info look in my small planes blog).

Ta taaaaaa, three small irons.

Next step is to make some Krenov type planes.
For those not familiar with that, it means a sandwich construction, where a block of wood are split in three, so the middle part are a wee wider than the blade.
Here some Masur Birch.

For my friend I thought Oak was as solid as lime and the old Peugeot iron.

Ohh yes I also bought a Ron Hook blade some years back, think it was when I bought the toothing blade you will see later, this one was also asking for a body, and I had this beautiful piece of mystic wood laying around for quite some time, so I found they would be a good match.
First the wood was cleaned up on the planer.
If some one know what wood it is, please tell me. ;-)

Then split on the table saw.

Middle part fit to the blade width.
(Have to admit I actually made it a wee to small, so I had to grind the blade a little after… Grrrrrrr).

An other piece of mystic slightly yellow and extremely hard wood, was cut up.
This wood was a gift from a carpenter, that I gave a car trailer for free, he found some in his car and said that it was the least he could do. ;-)
In the back you see the German ECE toothing blade.

And here the plane body are cut up as you have seen before and behind it you see my old toothing plane, that was a gift from my Friend Flemming not so long ago.

Next step is to set up the table saw.
I like to use the digital gauge.

For this one I will go for 80°, since the other one is close to 90, for the throat I will go 45° and then work it from there.
You can see how I have sketched up the layout on the wood before cutting, but I actually made the mouth more open later, since it is better with clearance on a toothing plane and the mouth are not needed to hold the fibers down, on this type of plane, since it scrapes and not cuts.

I put some scrap under to avoid tear out.

And here we got a scraping plane in section.

Now the plane for my friend.
Again marking it up, so the layout are fitted to the blades thickness.
Here I use 45° for the iron and 60° for the throat, this is the norm on Krenov types.
What is important, is that the shavings will be able to clear out by them self, this we will get back to later.
I make the mouth (opening for blade) a wee less than zero, this because I will flatten the sole later and want to be able to make the mouth just as I want it.

I bring out some of my old mini planes for inspiration, when I decide for the shapes and lengths.
The one for my friend will be pocket size as she wished for.

I still thank Div for biting me with the bug.

A wee work by the table saw.

For the Hook blade it need a rabbet for the screw on the back.
I could be made by hand, but this time I will try the router method, so I mark up for a jig or what we call a cow in Danish.
(I hate routers, they make so much noise and I find them dangerous and unsexy in woodworking – yes you may laugh).

Drilling the end in same diameter as my router copy ring.

Then sneak up with a raised table saw blade.

Some scrap wood.

Like this I can clamp the plane ramp to it.

That’s it. ;-)

Secure it to the table and run the router.
(You might want to put a cable and a vac to the router first…).

The rabbet is made.
Fine way if you make many, otherwise I think I would just recommend a drill and a chisel.

Here we are all plugged in.

Here you can see how the screw will now be able to slide up and down the ramp.

I said I would get back to the shaving clearance, here we are.
The throat is shaped, so the clearance are better and the opening wider.

A fast way is on the sander.

A little detail.

The back of the mouth on a wood plane will hit the wood in a 45° angle and become fragile for breaking.

This can be solved like this.
Just app 45° backwards.

Dry fit testing.

Now time for gluing up the small scraper plane.
Just white glue and tapping the pieces in place.

For the Oak planes I want to keep the parts in place when gluing, so I drill holes for guiding dowels.

Like this.
Just some pine rods, since they will be cut off later.

Now I have to find the place for the brass rod, that will hold the wedge for the blade.
So some marking are needed.

The bed.

The iron.

You get it?

Then I make a wedge and can draw this on top.

Half the thickness of the rod and we are there.

Now the hole can be drilled.

Of course after you checked if the drill is 90°.

Then the plane are dry fitted again and the hole going through can be made also.

Finally time for glue!
First the one side.

Then the other side.

And closing up the plane body.

Then clamp up and tap the pieces in place, before adding more clamps.

Here the Hook plane.

Clamps on all the important places.
Now it’s just time to wait.

But in the mean time the small scraping plane has become a reality.

It is a really effective little fellow, as you can see on the shaves.

Kind of sexy!

Here you see the size and the sole.

Here running over a knot with no problem as you can see.

The small scraper is a worthy partner for my other lille planes I think, so I am a happy monkey.

I think this is a fine place to split the blog in two, since we have a working plane, the blog will continue soon.

By the way it is my birthday now, since I passed midnight while writing the blog. ;-)

Hope it can be to some inspiration perhaps even some planes, scrapers or toothing planes…

Best thoughts,


-- MAD F, the fanatical rhykenologist and vintage architect.

18 comments so far

View lew's profile


13486 posts in 5087 days

#1 posted 06-29-2017 12:27 AM

Happy Birthday, Mads!!

Thank you for the trip down another plane making road!

-- Lew- Time traveler. Purveyor of the Universe's finest custom rolling pins.

View doubleDD's profile


10913 posts in 3375 days

#2 posted 06-29-2017 12:28 AM

Happy birthday Mafe. If I lived closer I would buy you a drink. I enjoyed your colorful blog and you may have given me enough inspiration to make one of these. Thanks for sharing.

-- Dave, Downers Grove, Il. -------- When you run out of ideas, start building your dreams.

View steliart's profile


2895 posts in 4020 days

#3 posted 06-29-2017 12:44 AM

Happy birthday Mafe and a big WOW !!!!! what an excellent instructable !!! THANK YOU !!!

-- Stelios L.A. Stavrinides: - I am not so rich to buy cheap tools, but... necessity is the mother of inventions !!!

View Don W's profile

Don W

20277 posts in 3899 days

#4 posted 06-29-2017 12:49 AM

A lot of nice work there Mads

-- - Collecting is an investment in the past, and the future.

View Jerry's profile


3508 posts in 2980 days

#5 posted 06-29-2017 12:57 AM

Beautiful work Mads, this post is so complete and useful. Thanks for taking the time.

-- There are good ships and there are wood ships, the ships that sail the sea, but the best ships are friendships and may they always be.

View Jim Jakosh's profile

Jim Jakosh

27237 posts in 4437 days

#6 posted 06-29-2017 02:13 AM

Mads, you are the plane man!! Nice detailed how to!!

Cheers, Jim

-- Jim Jakosh.....Practical Wood Products...........Learn something new every day!! Variety is the Spice of Life!!

View TheTurtleCarpenter's profile


1053 posts in 2398 days

#7 posted 06-29-2017 02:23 AM

I love the small guys too, especially the Birch scraper. Happy Birthday !

-- "Tying shoelaces was way harder than learning to Whistle"

View kiefer's profile


5852 posts in 3999 days

#8 posted 06-29-2017 02:37 AM

You are breaking all the rules working on your Birthday OK I will call it playing around !
BTW that is a nice blog you posted for us and I love that little scraper plane and will have to make one ASAP.

Happy Birthday !!!!


-- Kiefer

View shipwright's profile


8780 posts in 4130 days

#9 posted 06-29-2017 03:23 AM

Lots of fine work Mads.
Lots of fun work Mads. .... your choice …. (and I bet I know your pick)

Great results. I love the little scraper. It will make you smile for many years to come. It makes me smile right now. :-)

-- Paul M ..............the early bird may get the worm but it’s the second mouse that gets the cheese!

View Joe Lyddon's profile

Joe Lyddon

10963 posts in 5384 days

#10 posted 06-29-2017 05:09 AM

Hey Mafe! Happy HAPPY B I R T H D A Y !!

COOL work! ... as usual…

-- Have Fun! Joe Lyddon - Alta Loma, CA USA - Home: ... My Small Gallery:

View AaronK's profile


1512 posts in 4796 days

#11 posted 06-29-2017 11:40 AM

i agree, i hate routers too :)

View Smitty_Cabinetshop's profile


17667 posts in 3950 days

#12 posted 06-29-2017 12:06 PM

Happy Birthday, Mads! Great to see you having fun in your shop! Those little scrapers look so great, and work well too. I always learn when your blogs come out, thanks!

-- Don't anthropomorphize your handplanes. They hate it when you do that. - OldTools Archive -

View Jim Rowe's profile

Jim Rowe

1134 posts in 3644 days

#13 posted 06-29-2017 01:45 PM

Can’t beat making your own Birthday present! Have a great day.

-- It always looks better when it's finished!

View SethK's profile


1 post in 2770 days

#14 posted 06-29-2017 03:45 PM

Great work Mads, I always love reading and seeing the work you do.

View madts's profile


1959 posts in 3671 days

#15 posted 06-29-2017 05:15 PM

Good stuff there Mads.

See you in October.


-- Thor and Odin are still the greatest of Gods.

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