A plane reborn #1: Plough plane, rehab,

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Blog entry by bandit571 posted 04-19-2018 02:16 AM 2123 reads 0 times favorited 2 comments Add to Favorites Watch
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A few years back, picked an old plough plane at a Garage sale..

Wasn’t much to look at…needed a few things done….was in a hurry, needed a way to make grooves besides a electric router….Tried to fix it up….never did hold a setting..wedges were too worn..the one I made for the cutter was a hair too small….cutter was made from a 1/4” chisel…..was ploughing grooves to build a screen door…plane was having issues…...finally, it was just tossed off into a corner, never to be seen again…...

Fast forward to last week… the midst of a good shop cleaning..

The Stanley #4 is there for scale…this is not a little plane. Fence was split….one arm was also having a split…handle was long gone. Decided I could make a new part of the “treasures” that was found…

Was this 1-1/2” thick block of Maple. Found a piece or two of Walnut, that could be used to make new, larger wedges. I even pulled out a plank of Ash…to make a new fence with..


Old fence..

Old wedge. I cleaned the body up, got the rust off of the skate

Roughed out the handle on the bandsaw….Handle has to fit down into a mortise. The Dovetailed part of the mortise is long gone….

Two rip cuts, to get the “good” section out of the Ash plank…cut to length….needed some planes..

Jack plane to flatten, smooth and joint the blank…#78 to make a rebate. I forgot how rough Ash is to plane..

New wedges. The smaller ones were made a bit larger than the OEM ones. Old ones had been hammer adjusted so much, they were now too short. Same with the wedge. New wedge to hold the cutter is a tad bigger, shaped a bit better. Cutter now has a groove to match the skate’s knife edge. keeps the iron centered.

Beltsander has a small front roller, perfect for getting into tight places. Palm sander smoothed things out. Kept test fitting until the handle fit..

Wedges for the arms needed to be fine tuned for fit….holes are tapered. was finally able to get the arms to slide in. Repaired a split on the one arm..cleaned it up, and a bit of glue, and a couple clamps

Pilot holes in the “new” fence were drilled and countersunk…old 1860 screws were retired for new #10 screws..

Decided not to rely on just glue for the handle…countersunk hole for another #10 screw.

A coat of Golden Oak stain, then a coat of Amber shellac. Adjusted things to make a test run..

Shavings curl up and out the right side of the plane…

The wedges that hold the arms for the fence, there is a wide rounded end, and a wider square end. To “lock” the arm in place, you tap on the square end, to release, you tap on the rounded end…

Not too bad of a Plough Plane? original was made down in Cincinnati, OH…mid 1860s. Still going strong.

Thanks for looking in.

-- A Planer? I'M the planer, this is what I use

2 comments so far

View lightcs1776's profile


4277 posts in 2988 days

#1 posted 04-19-2018 02:51 AM

Nicely done!

-- Chris ** If there must be trouble, let it be in my day, that my child may have peace. — Tom Paine **

View smitdog's profile


471 posts in 3440 days

#2 posted 04-19-2018 02:26 PM

Nice write up and pics. You put a lot of work into that old beauty and made it really shine. Loks like it’s working great and love those curls!

-- Jarrett - Mount Vernon, Ohio

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