A new dining room set for my wife! #8: Sides again - Time to put on my APRON and get back to work.

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Blog entry by GaryK posted 04-28-2011 12:00 AM 5136 reads 1 time favorited 12 comments Add to Favorites Watch
« Part 7: On to the sides! Get the inSIDE scoop. Part 8 of A new dining room set for my wife! series Part 9: Back legs. Déjà vu all over again »

On to the side aprons!

After thinking about it for a while I figured that cutting the shoulders would be best since it gives me something to cut to. Somewhere I should cut no further, and the material would fall off when I was done.

Before I start I make sure that all the pieces are the exact same length. I do this because I’ll use a stop on the fence and I will know that everything will end up in the same place.

I also looked at all the parts and decided which surface would look best facing out, and made a mark.

The blade was set to 8 degrees, the same as the tenons will be cut at. You can see that I like to sneak up to the line.

Then I set the fence to the other side of the blade. I reset the stop and the depth and cut the other side.

Then I proceeded with the cheek cut to one side of the tenon on each end of the part. I really had to be careful here. I double checked that every piece was in the jig in the correct orientation. With these angled tenons you really need to be careful.

Usually with straight tenons you just cut one side and then flip the part over and cut again. This will center the tenon so you don’t really give it much thought. The problem with that is if the thickness the part varies so will the tenon.

Angled tenon are different. Both sides are cut with the same setup. You can see from the picture that I added a spacer. This was because the blade would have hit the jig. Since I reference the same side of the part all the tenons will be exactly the same size.

You can probably see that tenon was made long so one side isn’t cut all the way. This doesn’t matter because I will cut a 45 on the end of the tenon. This will allow me to keep the tenon as long as I can. Since each leg has two mortises, the tenons would interfere with each other. Cutting a 45 on both of them fixes this. More about it later.

You can see in the picture that I left some material on what will be the short side, leaving the tenon a little thick. This is so that I can use a rabbet plane to fit the tenon perfectly to the mortise. With all the wear and tear a chair takes I want things to fit as best as I can make them.

Then with the blade set back to 90 degrees and the fence set to 8 degrees I cut the shoulder cuts on the ends.
After one side was done I rotated the fence 8 degrees on the other side of 90 to cut the other side.

Then I removed the material on the bandsaw. I set up a stop block so I would cut too deeply.

Well, here they are all done. Not really that hard. You just need to be careful. I took it real slow.

Next I will add 2 mortises to each back leg.

-- Gary - Never pass up the opportunity to make a mistake look like you planned it that way - Tyler, TX

12 comments so far

View jackass's profile


350 posts in 5000 days

#1 posted 04-28-2011 12:10 AM

Thanx Gary, I’m enjoying every post.

-- Jack Keefe Shediac NB Canada

View shipwright's profile


8760 posts in 4085 days

#2 posted 04-28-2011 12:41 AM

Well done. You really have to keep your focus on those parts.
Question: Will you be using hide glue? Chairs, even the best can sometimes after years of service require repair or re-gluing.

-- Paul M ..............the early bird may get the worm but it’s the second mouse that gets the cheese!

View BertFlores58's profile


1698 posts in 4210 days

#3 posted 04-28-2011 12:56 AM

Gary, I really learned a lot from you regarding angled tenon. Doing the outer side first and the inside nearest the fence. The squareness of the stock is lost when doing the inner part first. Normally, I use router and looking at the advantage from your way, I think it is much better TS and BS…. this gives more stable cutting blade/bit and have ample space for sliding the stocks.
Salamat for the tutorial way of this series. It is really worth following.
Just be careful and always be on the safe side.

-- Bert

View GaryK's profile


10262 posts in 5276 days

#4 posted 04-28-2011 12:57 AM

shipwright – No hide glue. Just yellow glue, which heat can also soften.

I plan on using a couple of techniques to strengthen the joints. Especially the apron to the rear legs. Leaning back on the rear legs can create a lot of stress. I will see what I can do to lessen it.

You’ll just have to wait and see. :-)

-- Gary - Never pass up the opportunity to make a mistake look like you planned it that way - Tyler, TX

View tinnman65's profile


1419 posts in 4702 days

#5 posted 04-28-2011 01:00 AM

Great blog Gary, I just went back and got all caught up to date from the beginning. It looks like quit a undertaking. I cant wait to see whats next.

-- Paul--- Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep. — Scott Adams

View Lee A. Jesberger's profile

Lee A. Jesberger

6875 posts in 5267 days

#6 posted 04-28-2011 01:06 AM

Looks good Gary.


-- by Lee A. Jesberger

View Karson's profile


35279 posts in 5688 days

#7 posted 04-28-2011 01:47 AM

Gary: Nice job on the cutting the pieces.

-- I've been blessed with a father who liked to tinker in wood, and a wife who lets me tinker in wood. Appomattox Virginia [email protected]

View ShopTinker's profile


884 posts in 4056 days

#8 posted 04-28-2011 03:45 AM

This blog has been extremely educational. Great work Gary!
Thanks for taking the time to do this.

-- Dan - Valparaiso, Indiana, "A smart man changes his mind, a fool never does."

View shipwright's profile


8760 posts in 4085 days

#9 posted 04-28-2011 04:27 AM

OK I’ll be patient.

-- Paul M ..............the early bird may get the worm but it’s the second mouse that gets the cheese!

View bigike's profile


4059 posts in 4576 days

#10 posted 04-28-2011 04:35 AM

wow she is gonna love it when it’s done very nice job.

-- Ike, Big Daddies Woodshop, http://[email protected]

View Gary Fixler's profile

Gary Fixler

1001 posts in 4669 days

#11 posted 04-29-2011 09:00 AM

This is getting fun!

-- Gary, Los Angeles, video game animator

View Ken90712's profile


18082 posts in 4476 days

#12 posted 04-29-2011 11:34 AM

Looking good.

-- Ken, "Everyday above ground is a good day!"

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